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Clin Shoulder Elbow > Volume 19(3); 2016 > Article
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow 2016;19(3):149-154.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5397/cise.2016.19.3.149    Published online September 30, 2016.
Treatment of Acute Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocation: Kirschner's Wire Trans-acromial Fixation versus AO Locking Hook Plate Fixation
Young Jun Kim, Yong Min Chun
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. min1201@hanmail.net
Received: 22 November 2015   • Revised: 12 January 2016   • Accepted: 28 January 2016
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to compare clinical and radiological outcomes between trans-acromial fixation with Kirschner's wire (K-wire) and AO locking hook plate fixation for acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation.
METHODS
This study included 61 patients who underwent either closed reduction and trans-acromial fixation with K-wire (group A, 23 patients) or open reduction and internal fixation with AO locking hook plate (group B, 38 patients). Pain on a visual analogue scale (VAS) score, the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and active range of motion (ROM) were used in the functional evaluation. For radiological evaluation, coracoclavicular distance (CCD) was measured on both clavicular anteroposterior view and compared between groups.
RESULTS
At one-year follow-up, no significant differences in VAS pain score, UCLA shoulder score, ASES score, and active ROM were observed between groups, despite five cases (22.7%, 5/23) of complication in group A. The side-to-side difference between normal and affected CCD was 2.4 ± 2.2 mm in group A and 0.2 ± 0.7 mm in group B. This difference showed a statistical significance between groups (p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS
For the treatment of acute AC joint dislocation, the K-wire trans-acromial fixation group showed a significantly greater CCD than the AO locking hook plate group. In addition, during the follow-up period, much higher incidence of complication related to implant was observed in the trans-acromial fixation group. Although clinical outcomes between groups were not significantly different, these results should be interpreted carefully.
Key Words: Acromioclavicular joint; Dislocations


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